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Gum Surgery

GUMMY SMILE- you need gum reshaping

 

When extra gum coverage is hiding large portions of your teeth that cause you to be self-conscious about your smile. This genetic feature is referred to as a “gummy smile.”

Gum reshaping and contouring surgery can help you correct your gum line to expose the right length of your teeth. This procedure is known as gingivectomy, crown lengthening, or a smile lift.

Gum reshaping surgery is sometimes necessary prior to a restorative dental procedure like porcelain veneers or a dental crown. This will provide better support for the restoration.

Gum reshaping can be used to gain better access to a decayed tooth to eliminate the decayed part and reinforce the natural tooth structure by means of composite bonding.

WHAT ARE GUM DISEASES?

  • Gum diseases, also known as periodontal diseases, are a group of conditions that affect the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth.

 

  • These diseases primarily result from bacterial infections in the gums and bone structures that support the teeth. The severity of gum diseases can range from mild inflammation (gingivitis) to more advanced and destructive forms (periodontitis).

Symptoms of gum diseases

  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Gums that bleed easily, especially during brushing or flossing
  • Receding gums, making the teeth appear longer.
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Pus between the teeth and gums
  • Changes in the way your teeth fit together when biting
  • Loose or shifting teeth

Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, typically progresses through different stages, each with varying degrees of severity. The two primary stages of gum disease are:

Gingivitis:

Gingivitis is the earliest and mildest form of gum disease. It is primarily caused by the accumulation of plaque. Plaque irritates the gums, leading to inflammation and the characteristic signs of gingivitis, including:

  • Red or swollen gums
  • Tender or sensitive gums
  • Gums that bleed easily, especially during brushing or flossing
  • Mild bad breath (halitosis)

 

Fortunately, gingivitis is reversible with proper dental care. Regular professional dental cleanings, along with improved oral hygiene habits like brushing twice a day and flossing daily, can help eliminate plaque and inflammation, restoring the gums to a healthy state.

 

Periodontitis:

If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to a more advanced stage called periodontitis. In periodontitis, the infection spreads below the gumline, and the body's immune response causes damage to the tissues and bone supporting the teeth. There are several stages of periodontitis:

  • Early periodontitis: In this stage, the supporting bone begins to break down, and the gums may recede, forming pockets between the teeth and gums. These pockets trap more plaque and bacteria, leading to further damage.

 

  • Moderate periodontitis: As periodontitis progresses, the pockets between the teeth and gums become deeper, allowing bacteria to spread and cause more damage to the bone and connective tissues.

 

  • Advanced periodontitis: At this stage, the bone and connective tissues that hold the teeth in place are severely damaged, leading to tooth instability and potential tooth loss. The gums continue to recede, and teeth may shift or become loose.

 Treatment options for gum diseases

The treatment options for gum diseases (periodontal diseases) can vary depending on the severity and stage of the disease.

  • Professional Dental Cleaning (Scaling and Root Planing): In the early stages of gum disease (gingivitis), a professional dental cleaning may be sufficient to remove plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) from the teeth and gumline. This procedure is known as scaling and root planing. It helps eliminate the bacteria and irritants that contribute to gum inflammation and allows the gums to heal.

 

  • Antibiotics: In some cases, we prescribe antibiotics to help control bacterial infections associated with gum disease.

 

  • Periodontal Surgery: For more advanced gum disease (periodontitis) with deep pockets and significant damage to the gums and supporting bone, surgical treatments may be necessary. Some common periodontal surgeries include:

 

    • Flap Surgery (Pocket Reduction Surgery): In this procedure, the gum tissue is lifted back, and the tartar is removed from the deep pockets. The gum tissue is then sutured back in place, reducing the pocket depth and making it easier for the patient to maintain good oral hygiene.

 

    • Bone Grafts: If periodontitis has led to significant bone loss, bone grafting may be performed to regenerate and restore the bone structure.

 

    • Soft Tissue Grafts: These grafts involve taking tissue from one area of the mouth and using it to cover exposed tooth roots or areas with receding gums.

 

  • Laser Therapy: Laser treatment is used to remove bacteria and infected tissue from the gums and promote healing. Laser therapy can be less invasive than traditional surgery and may lead to quicker recovery times.

 

  • Supportive Periodontal Therapy: After undergoing active treatment for gum disease, patients will require ongoing maintenance to prevent the disease from recurring. Supportive periodontal therapy involves regular follow-up visits to the dentist or periodontist for professional cleanings and gum evaluations.

 

  • Improving Oral Hygiene: Good oral hygiene practices are crucial to managing gum disease. Dentists may provide guidance on proper brushing and flossing techniques and recommend oral care products that are beneficial for gum health.

Cost of gum surgery in Jaipur

  • The cost of gum surgery can vary depending on several factors, including the specific type of gum surgery required, the severity of the gum disease, the dentist or periodontist's experience and reputation, and other individual factors.
  • If you are looking for information on the cost of gum surgery in Jaipur visit Dr. Renu Dental Clinic, Nirman Nagar Jaipur and Consult Dr. Renu Chaudhary, she is experienced more than 15 years in Cosmetic and General dentistry.

Frequently asked questions about gum disease and gum surgery

Q 1: What is gum disease (periodontal disease)?

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a condition that affects the gums and supporting structures around the teeth. It is caused by bacterial infection and inflammation of the gum tissues, which, if left untreated, can lead to damage to the gums and bone and potentially tooth loss.

Q 2: What are the common signs of gum disease?

Common signs of gum disease include red, swollen, or tender gums; gums that bleed easily; persistent bad breath; receding gums; loose or shifting teeth; and changes in your bite.

Q 3: What causes gum disease?

Gum disease is primarily caused by the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria and food particles, on the teeth and gums. If plaque is not removed regularly through proper oral hygiene, it can irritate the gums and lead to gum disease.

Q 4: Can gum disease be treated without surgery?

In the early stages of gum disease (gingivitis), professional dental cleanings and improved oral hygiene habits can often reverse the condition without the need for surgery. However, more advanced gum disease (periodontitis) may require surgical treatments to manage and control the infection.

Q 5: What is gum surgery, and when is it needed?

Gum surgery, also known as periodontal surgery, refers to various surgical procedures aimed at treating gum disease and restoring gum health. It may be needed when non-surgical treatments are not sufficient to address deep pockets and significant damage to the gums and bone.

Q 6: Is gum surgery painful?

Gum surgery is typically performed using local anesthesia, so you should not feel pain during the procedure.

Q 7: How long is the recovery period after gum surgery?

The recovery period after gum surgery can vary depending on the type and extent of the procedure. In general, most patients can expect a relatively quick recovery within a few days to a week.

Q 8: Are there any risks associated with gum surgery?

As with any surgical procedure, there are some risks associated with gum surgery, including infection, bleeding, and discomfort. However, these risks are generally minimal and can be minimized with proper pre-operative and post-operative care.

Q 9: How can I prevent gum disease?

Preventing gum disease involves maintaining good oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups. Avoiding smoking, following a balanced diet, and managing systemic health conditions can also contribute to gum health.

Q 10: How often should I have dental check-ups if I have gum disease? In most cases, patients with gum disease should have dental visits every three to four months to monitor their gum health and provide necessary treatments.

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